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Kamis, 25 Desember 2008

History Hijriyah, the Islamic Calendar Year

At the time of Prophet Mohammed, a designation based on the years events that are considered important in those years. For example, the Prophet Muhammad was born on 12 Rabi-ul Awwal `Year of the Elephant ( 'Am al-Fil), for the year, the team Elephant, the king of Yemen Abrahah intend attack world.

When the Prophet Muhammad died 632 years, the power of the new Islamic covering Peninsular Arabia. But, at the time of Caliph Umar ibn Khattab (634-644) of Islam spread from Egypt to Persia. In 638 years, the Governor of Iraq Abu Musa al-Ash `ari send letters to the Caliph Umar in Medina, the contents include:" Letters we have a date and month, but not berangka years. It is time for Islam to make their own date in the calculations years. "

Caliph Umar ibn Khattab gubernurnya approve this proposal. Terbentuklah committee by the Caliph Umar own with members of the six leading Friends of the Prophet, namely Utsman ibn Affan, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Abdurrahman ibn auf, Sa `ad ibn Abi Waqqas, Talhah ibn Ubaidillah, and Zubair ibn Awwam. They determine the reason for One Year from the calendar that is used for years without number. There are recommending that the calculation of the birth of the Prophet years ( 'Am al-Fil, 571 M), and there is also recommending that year decrease in the first revelation of God (' Am al-Bi'tsah, 610 M). But, ultimately agreed that the committee is a proposal from Ali ibn Abi Talib, the year berhijrahnya p, from Makkah to Madinah ( 'Am al-Hijrah, 622 M).

Ali ibn Abi Talib raised three arguments. First, the Qur'an is God for the many people who emigrated (al-ladzina hajaru). Second, the Islamic sovereign and independent new materialized after fled to Medina. Third, Islam throughout the ages have always expected the Hijriyah, the Islamic Calendar, the dynamic life that is not focused on a situation and want to emigrate to the conditions better.

So, Caliph Umar ibn Khattab issued a decision that the year is the migration of Prophet Year One, and since that time the calendar date of the Islam called Hijriyah, the Islamic Calendar. On 1 Muharram 1 Hijriyah, the Islamic Calendar coincides with 16 Tammuz 622 is strong (16 July 622 CE). Year of the discharge decision Caliph (638 F) directly defined as 17 years Hijriyah, the Islamic Calendar. Written document dated the earliest Hijriyah, the Islamic Calendar (Sanah to include Year 17 = 17) is the Information Security and Freedom Beragama of Caliph Umar ibn Khattab to the entire population of the City of Aelia (Jerusalem), which recently released from the Islamic Laskar Roman colonization.

Hijriyah, the Islamic Calendar calendar each year, 11 days more quickly from the Christian calendar, so the difference between the number of the second calendar year is slowly increasing over time. Hijriyah, the Islamic Calendar year figures slowly 'chase' figures CE year, according formula and the two will meet in the 20,526 years that coincide with the Christian year 20,526 Hijriyah, the Islamic Calendar. At that time, we are someplace where. "By the time. Indeed, people are really in the loss." Thus, a Qur'an in Surah Al-'Ashr.


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